Microbiome results

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We found that your skin had 41 species.

These microbes make up the unique ecosystem found on your face. This microbial composition is dependent on many factors and can change as a response to environmental and hormonal changes.

Your species diversity score:0.3out of 10

Your skin shows Low microbial diversity. Your skin microbiome has little variety at the species level.

Show Scoring System

Diversity score is calculated via the Shannon diversity index. It is used to characterize microbial diversity in a community. It accounts for abundance and evenness for genera present.

  • 0 – 2 Low diversity

    Your skin microbiome is dominated by a one or two genera. Additional genera make up a low percentage of the remaining population

  • 2- 5 Average diversity

    Your skin microbiome is dominated by a few genera. Distribution of additional genera is more even.

  • 6 – 10 High diversity

    Your skin microbiome has a good distribution of genera.

Your skin has the following characteristics:

For Corynebacterium

You have a score of: 1.14%

Corynebacteria are rod-shaped bacteria. The species that grow on skin cannot produce their own lipids and are dependent on lipids from sebum. They are salt tolerant, so they can easily live in high-sweat regions of the skin and some species are, in fact, reliant on vitamins from sweat to survive.

For Staphylococcus

You have a score of: 5.91%

Staphylococci produce lactic acid, which is important to keep skin at a low pH. Staphylococci are highly adaptable and are found in both moist and dry areas of skin. Some species can survive in low oxygen habitats such as hair follicles. They are salt tolerant and may even use the urea present in sweat an energy source. The most common skin commensal is Staphylococcus epidermidis. These bacteria produce adhesions that allow them to attach to skin cells and they secrete proteases that help remodel the stratum corneum and liberate additional nutrients. Some S. epidermidis strains can inactivate lipid bactericides secreted by sebaceous glands with an enzyme that turns them into cholesterol. Staphylococcus aureus is a pathogen that can cause a wide variety of skin conditions, including atopic dermatitis (AD), and is notorious for its ability to overcome the effect of antibiotics. S. epidermidis can inhibit biofilm formation and destroy existing biofilms of S. aureus, which is a close relative.

For Streptococcus

You have a score of: 0.05%

Streptococcus is a genus of gram-positive spherical bacteria that belongs to the family Streptococcaceae, within the order Lactobacillales (lactic acid bacteria).

For Cutibacterium

You have a score of: 92.6%

Propionibacteria now referred to as Cutibacteria, are named for their ability to make propionic acid (a Short Chain Fatty Acid). They are mostly found in hair follicles but can also be found on the skin surface. They are specialized at acquiring nutrients from sebum and make many different lipases (enzymes that break down oil). Propionibacteria make free fatty acids that acidify and soften the skin. Propionibacteria also have proteases to liberate arginine from skin proteins and they use this as an energy source. The best-known species is Propionibacterium acnes and this one species makes up around 87% of the microbiome in both healthy and acne-prone pilosebaceous units.